Parallels between American Ideologies of
Manifest Destiny and Liberal Internationalism
 
 
Manifest Destiny

(19th Century)

Liberal Internationalism

(20th-21st Century)

Christianity is a universal value system
Capitalism and Democracy are universal value systems
The U.S. is special because it is the perfect Christian nation
The U.S. is special because it is the perfect capitalist economy and democratic polity
The U.S. has a special mission to Christianize North America
The U.S. has a special mission to make the world capitalist and democratic

 

Manifest Destiny: Its Religous, Racial, and Liberal Origins
 
 
 
The Jews
The Americans
(Religious version of Manifest Destiny)
The Americans (Racial version of Manifest Destiny)
The Americans (Liberal version of 
Manifest Destiny)
A Special People
Chosen by God
Chosen by God
The white race is biologically superior (especially Anglo-Saxons)
The American People
(chosen by history)
A Special Hardship
Slavery in Egypt
the Exodus
Settling and Developing North America
Settling and Developing North America
Developing the first democracy and truly free market
A Special Land
The Promised Land of Canaan
The Promised Land of the North America
North America as a chance for purification of the white race
The first real democracy and truly free market
A Special Contract
Covenant with God
Covenant with God
To separate the races + put the white man on top
The social contract of democracy + the economic contract of the free market
A Special Mission
To Remain God's People
To Christianize North America
To advance the white race + to develop the ideal racial hierarchy
To bring the benefits of democracy and free markets to the world

In the 18th and 19th centuries, the religious and racial versions of Manifest Destiny are most important, although the liberal version is present.
In the 20th and 21st centuries, the liberal version becomes most important, although the religious and racial versions are present.
 

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