The History of the 20th Century
I. The Early 20th Century: A World of Empires
In the early 20th century most of the people in the world lived in colonies ruled by European empires.
19th Century Slogan: "The sun never sets
II. World War I
The major powers at the beginning of the war were the
The Allied Powers:
After the war the Austro-Hungarian Empire was broken up into several different states and several other states were created from German and Russian territory.
The Ottoman Turkish Empire was broken up and much of it was colonized by
The Ottoman Turk Empire before World War I
III. World War II
The alliance systems of World War II were similar to those of World War I.
The Allies were the same:
World War II in
After World War II, most of the European powers gradually lost their empires. From the late 1940s-the late 1960s most of the current states in the international system were created.
Nations that Gained
V. The Cold War